Born in 1962, Prague. Graduated in law at the Charles University, Prague and in European law at the University of Social Sciences, Toulouse. Comes from an academic background; as a Professor of European law at the Law Faculty of Charles University in Prague. His former experience includes attorney of law, deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the Council of Europe and Minister and Chairman of the Legislative Council of the Czech Republic. He also served as visiting Professor at the University of Social Sciences in Toulouse. From 2015, he is a Chairperson of the Executive Board at the Academy of European Law (Europäische Rechtsakademie). His main policy domains in which he worked from the EU legal perspective are: free movement of goods, international trade, economic competition, intellectual property, electronic commerce, and EU international relations. In May 2014, he was elected a Member of the European Parliament in which he was elected chairman of the Committee on Legal Affairs, thereby becoming the highest-ranking Czech EP. In May 2016, the magazine Politico introduced him among the most influential members of the EP. In January 2017, he was re-elected to the second half of the term, which has not yet been achieved by any Czech.